Steve Jobs, the iconic co-founder of Apple, died Wednesday at the age of 56. For more than 30 years, Steve Jobs helped to form the IT industry, and his life was full of success, defeat, happiness and sorrow. If there is anyone who ever lived his life to the fullest, it was Steve Jobs.
Here is a timeline of some of the key moments in his life:
1955 – Steve Jobs is born on February 24 in San Francisco. His biological parents was Joanne Simpson and Abdul Fattah Jandali.
1955 – He was adopted shortly after birth by Paul och Slara Jobs, and they moved five months later to Mountain View, California.
1969 – Steve Jobs gets a summer job at Hewlett-Packard, hired by William Hewlett himself.
1971 – He meets Steve Wozniak.
1972 – Graduated from Homestead High School in Los Altos.
1972 – Begins to study at Reed College, Portland, Oregon, but dropped out after only one semester.
1974 – Got a job as a technician at Atari.
1975 – Joins the Homebrew Computer Club, which is discussing personal computers.
1976 – Together with Steve Wozniak, he manages to raise $1750 that are used to build their first home computer, the Apple I.
1976 – Starts the Apple Computer Company with Steve Wozniak and Ronald Rayne. Wayne sells his shares in the company two weeks later.
1976 – Jobs and Wozniak release the Apple I commercially for $666.66. It is the first computer with a video jack and memory on a single circuit board. Apple I could even load programs from an external source. About 200 units were produced.
1977 – Apple Computer Company changes its name to Apple Inc.
1977 – Apple releases the Apple II, the world’s first personal computer sold in large volumes.
1978 – Jobs becomes father of his first child, Lisa, with Chrisanns Brennan.
1979 – The development of the Macintosh is started.
1980 – Apple III is released.
1980 – Apple goes public and its shares jump from $22 to $29 during the first day.
1981 – Jobs gets personally involved in the Macintosh project.
1983 – Apple hires John Sculley as CEO, he was the former CEO of Pepsi.
1983 – The computer Lisa is released, and it’s the first personal computer with a mouse.
1984 – Apple introduces the Macintosh with a cult ad campaign on Super Bowl Sunday.
1985 – Steve Jobs is awarded the American Technology Medal by Ronald Reagan.
1985 – Steve Jobs ends up in trouble with John Sculley and the board of Apple, and decides to leave the company, taking five employees with him.
1985 – Steve starts NeXT Computer, which builds computers and develops software.
1986 – Buys Pixar from George Lucas for $10 million. The company later changes its name to Pixar Animation Studios.
1989 – NeXT Computer launches their first computer, known as The Cube, for $6500. It’s a complete flop.
1989 – Pixar wins an Oscar for the short film Tin Toy.
1991 – Marries current wife, Laurena Powell. They get three children togheter.
1992 – NeXT Computer releases the operating system NeXTSTEP for Intel processors. It fails, however, because of competition from Microsoft Windows and IBM OS/2.
1993 – NeXT Computer shuts down hardware manufacturing and focus on software development.
1995 – Pixar releases Toy Story, which becomes the most profitable movie of the year.
1996 – Apple buys NeXT Computer for $429 million in cash and shares. Steve Jobs became advisor to Apple’s CEO at the time, Gilbert F. Amelio.
1997 – Steve Jobs becomes the “interim CEO” of Apple Computer Inc. after throwing out Amelio. He was paid a dollar a year.
1998 – Apple released the first iMac, an all-in-one computer that is a huge success. Apple’s share value increase by 400 percent and the iMac wins awards for best design.
1998 – Apple is once again profitable after several years of losses.
2000 – Steve Jobs loose the title “interim CEO” and is once again Apple’s CEO.
2001 – Apple releases Mac OS X.
2001 – Apple makes its first attempt in the market for consumer electronics and release the iPod. It sells for more than 4.4 million copies before 2004.
2002 – Apple releases a new iMac with a flat screen. It wins several awards for design and even decorates the cover of Time Magazine.
2003 – Apple launches iTunes Music Store.
2003 – Apple announces PowerMac G5, the world’s first desktop PC with 64 bit architecture.
2004 – iPod Mini is released.
2004 – Steve Jobs cuts the very lucrative partnership with Disney. Pixar is sold to Disney in 2006.
2004 – Steve Jobs is diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in August. In September he is back at work.
2004 – Apple’s fourth quarter is the most profitable in almost ten years. Revenues from the iPod accounts for 2.35 billion dollars.
2005 – Apple stop using IBM’s PowerPC processors and starts using Intel processors.
2007 – Steve Jobs introduces the first model of the iPhone, one of the first smart phones without a physical keypad.
2008 – Apple announces that Steve Jobs will not participate at MacWorld Expo 2009. Speculation about his health begins to circulate.
2009 – in early January, Steve Jobs takes sick leave until June, but do not state the reason for his absence. Tim Cook takes over in the meantime.
2009 – Wall Street Journal reports that Steve Jobs has had a liver transplant. He is back at work in June.
2010 – Apple launches iPad, which is a success from the launch, creating an entirely new category of computers.
2011 – In January, Apple announced that Steve Jobs takes sick leave indefinitely. He will, however, participate in the company’s strategic decisions. Tim Cook are in charge in the meantime.
2011 – Steve Job introduces iPad 2 in March, although he is officially on sick leave.
2011 – Steve Jobs and Tim Cook launches iCloud and iOS 5. A few days later Steve Jobs introduces Apple’s new headquarters, which the company plans to build in Cupertino.
2011 – In August, Steve Jobs announced that he steps down as CEO of Apple and that Tim Cook will take his place. He did, however, remain as chairman of the board.
2011 – Steve Jobs dies October 5 at the age of 56. He is survived by his wife, Laurene, three children from their marriage and a fourth child from an earlier relationship.
- Steve Jobs Resigns as CEO of Apple (skuggen.com)
- Steve Wozniak remembers Steve Jobs, early Apple (news.cnet.com)
- Remembering Steve Jobs (1955 – 2011) (amog.com)
- Steve Jobs: 1955-2011 (techland.time.com)
- Steve Jobs: A Leader to Remember (epiphanysolutions.co.uk)
- Steve Wozniak On Steve Jobs’s Death: ‘We’ve Lost Something We Won’t Get Back’ (huffingtonpost.com)
- How Steve Jobs changed computing (telegraph.co.uk)
- Steve Jobs has Passed Away (geektyrant.com)